Prebiotics and Probiotics – What’s The Difference And Why Are They Important?
Prebiotics and Probiotics are two terms that have become trendy recently. However, many people don’t really understand what they actually are, what makes them different and what role they play in our digestion and gut health.
Gut health is a trending topic right now and it doesn’t seem like there’s any end in sight for its recognition and importance. Probiotics have become very popular. They are expected to continue to rise in popularity throughout 2019, as we decipher and understand more of their benefits related to gut and digestive health, as well as overall well-being.
The majority of our immune system (70-80%) is in our digestive system so having a healthy digestive tract can play a major role on our health and immunity.
What are Probiotics?
Probiotics are live bacteria that promote health, found in many foods including yogurt, kefir, miso, sauerkraut, tempeh, kimchi and kombucha. You can also take probiotics through supplementation. Aside from immunity, probiotics may also help with overall mood, reducing cholesterol, preventing cancer and more. These bacteria help us break down our food from the digestive system. They also extract nutrients so that we can better absorb them. There is still much more research to be done but the benefits are far-reaching.
What are Prebiotics?
Prebiotics are “fuel” for the probiotics. They are indigestible carbohydrates that do not digest in the small intestine. They make it to the colon intact where they are fermented by probiotics. Prebiotics are the substances that probiotics survive on. They are available in many fibre-rich healthy foods, like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Some of the best sources of prebiotics in the diet include garlic, onions, artichokes, asparagus, bananas, oats, wheat bran and apples. Great reason to be including many of these foods in our diets!
What You Can Do
Both pre and probiotics play equally important roles in our gut health and overall well-being. We can’t have overall health without one or the other.
Experts suggest getting a variety of probiotics and bacteria in our diets. Hence, relying on one strain of probiotics through supplementation won’t provide you all the wide range of benefits, as different strains offer different health benefits. When buying probiotics, look for a variety of strains and billions of live organisms.
Challenge yourself to add at least one source of prebiotics and/or probiotics to your diet each day, and see how much better you feel.